LESSON 5: DADAISM AND FUTURISM

DADAISM

What is Dadaism?

Basically, it is an art from that was found by a group of people, Dada during the World War I period of times. It was first found in Switzerland then spread to other countries like Germany.

This European art movement was created to express the feelings of majority with the conflict of World War I as the art communicates with its composition with its background over the outlines. As I researched, most artists tend to feel furious about the idea of World War I and had used their time to create this art movement throughout the war while hiding.

There are many types of issues that affect society toady, in this post I am going to talk about social issues. In our society, we face social problems such as racism and discrimination for being different. Teenagers normally face these issues and it triggered to many suicidal and drug dealing cases for not having a proper growing environment. Furthermore, it will also spread to more and more which impacts more and more young individual’s perspective and mind, causing more social problems as they will follow the majority and discriminate those from poor countries.


“Dadaism.” Pinterest. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 May 2015.

FUTURISM

What is Futurism?

Generally, it refers to an art movement that focuses on speed, technology and modernity as an inspiration. Furthermore, it is also self-invented and was an important Italian avant-grade art movement in the 20th centuries. It has also merged elements of politicized art and communicates a strong message about the future with viewers through its unique compositions of machineries and things we would never expect to see in real life.


“Case Study: Futurism & New Age Digital Artwork.” Hongkiatcom. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 May 2015.
How does it have an influence on Photomontage?

It is kind of similar to Photomontage, as they both tend to create a new perspective on the audience with their unique and unexpected composition to break boundaries compared to a normal photography with only one image. Both of them also convey and communicate their messages with its composition of the figure of piece and shows developments of each element to guide the viewers into the right way of enjoying the piece.

How can you relate Futurism to Visual Culture?

I can relate to it from the boundaries that Futurism has tended to focus on. The main reason that we have a wide Visual Culture world is because many artists tend to use their creativity and sometimes create an unexpected composition, which eventually invents a new art form, which is why we have so many different interesting art forms today.

I can also relate this to our Global Context as it Futurism shows the development of the society today and show how improvements can help change the world into a better place and creating more inspiring pieces to communicate with society and viewers.

Indeed, the relationship of Futurism has definitely created and shaped majority of people to think in a fresher way because Visual Culture is generally about is our imagination and ingenuity. In my opinion, Futurism has attained that and manipulated and make a big change to our society today by its elements and expressions of each piece.

EXPEDITION WEEK

Let’s talk about our global context for this quarter, Orientation in Space and Time. What does it refer to? Basically, it refers to the development of how things have changed throughout the time. It could be civilizations and social histories, natural and human landscapes and resources or even the evolution and adaptation of something.

It can fall under any of this;

• civilizations and social histories, heritage; pilgrimage, migration, displacement and exchange

• epochs, eras, turning points and ‘big history’

• scale, duration, frequency and variability

• peoples, boundaries, exchange and interaction

• natural and human landscapes and resources

• evolution, constraints and adaptation

It mainly denotes to the involvement of the development in our society and environment. A common example would be how technology and inventions have created machineries and vehicles to make our lives easier. For example, we started from walking till the bicycles, motorcycles, cars, planes and so on! Throughout the time, us human beings broke our boundaries and formed an unexpected and fresh society, where our future belongs. In relation to visual art, it has changed from different art styles and new art forms were also created during these period of times. Isn’t it amazing!

LESSON 3: PEARBLOSSOM HIGHWAY

For today, our lesson was mainly based on composition and space in artworks. In the beginning of the lesson, we were told to simply sketch a drawing about fruits, which was kind of an unexpected task. However, I then understood the objective of the lesson, which is to learn how to use space and compose an organized composition.

Then, Ms. Hana picked several drawings that have different composition in the same theme and topic. She then explored and went through each composition and explained the difference and importance of using space. As teacher was showing us the contrast of each composition from the drawings, I’ve realized that space plays an important part in art works, as it tends to create a more organized and understandable composition. Just like how a sketch of fruits being drawn on a bowl would look tidier and more comprehensible than the scattered sketch of fruits.

Basically, composition is the arrangements and placements of parts or elements combined together as a whole piece. It has brought a bigger impact to images and art pieces as it makes it easier for artist to compose their intention to their viewers and guided them throughout the organizations.

Later on, teacher showed us a video presentation about Hockney’s ‘Pearblossom Highaway’ where Hockney tells the audience about his technique and how he came up with the idea of this famous photomontage. I was also inspired by his style as it gave me the idea of creating my photomontage.

After watching the video, I could relate many parts of the video to our visual art lesson. For instance, he applied the butterfly effect and a good composition into his photomontage by taking pictures of different objects at the same location with various angles and created a whole new unexpected well organized composition. I am also impressed by the way he arranges the collages perfectly to form a whole new perspective on the image. In my opinion, it is the beautiful composition of Hockney and his techniques such as the center-viewpoint that made all his works so successful as it effectively shared the messages of each photomontage.

Personally, I really enjoy the piece “Pearblossom Highway” as it gives me the desire of travelling into the picture. From the beautiful photomontage, I can see a well-captured landscape displayed with colors that were balanced and adjusted perfectly as we can see the color of the sky was light blue and he shows the juxtaposition of the sky with the land using the element of warm color.

“Pearblossom Highway, 11-18th April 1986, #2 by David Hockney.” Pictify. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 May 2015.

Another activity we did that I really liked about composition was when we got grouped, then given bits of paper, where we were given a scene what we had to act out, my group, which consisted of Rania, Ayin, Tina and Pinar, were given the bit of paper that said ‘riding a roller coaster’. Here are some of our pictures. [Note: I was the photographer.]

image1 image3 image4

LESSON 2: KEYWORDS

During today’s lesson, our teacher showed us a PowerPoint about citation where we learnt how to cite our works and images. We were also told to research about the keywords in our task sheet.

Keywords
[+ Pictures and Videos]

Joiners: A collection of collages joined together, forming one.


http://www.johnlyon.org/images/General/136-AmarBadhanandOliv.jpg
Brno Del Zou | http://brnodelzou.ouvaton.org/brno/autoportraits/index.html
https://www.pinterest.com/pin/71635450299136332/

Photomontage: An art movement that has two or more images combined together, forming a whole new composition.

photomontage-exercise2
http://sites.duke.edu/oit-mps/2015/03/02/how-to-make-a-photomontage-in-adobe-photoshop/

http://www.miandn.com/artists/martha-rosler/works/1/

Juxtaposition: Two subjects being seen or placed next to each other in order to contrast them.


http://blog.photoshelter.com/2012/05/using-juxtaposition-to-enhance-your-photography/

Composition: Parts and components of a photograph being composed; the basic structure.


http://121clicks.com/tutorials/art-of-composition-in-photography-tips-and-examples

Technique: The way an artist or others apply their skills on their presentation


http://beaphotographer.net/trick-photography/

Elements of Time: The elements of time of how it has passed throughout each angle.


http://cdn.conversations.nokia.com.s3.amazonaws.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/06/NokiaLumialowligthphotography.jpg

Digital Processing: The process to edit a photograph or artwork digitally. (Computer editing software)

 http://www.larry-bolch.com/basic_processing/images/00.compare.jpg

LESSON 1 HOMEWORK: PHOTOMONTAGE AND DAVID HOCKNEY

A photomontage is some-what like a collage, but it is composed mainly of photographs or pieces of photographs in order to direct the audience’s mind toward certain connections. These photographs are glued on a surface.

David Hockney

Hockney was born in Bradford, England, in 1937, but he had attended art school in London before moving to Los Angeles in the 1960s. There, he painted his famous swimming pool paintings. In the 1970s, Hockney began working in photography, creating photo collages he called joiners. He continues to create and exhibit art, and in 2011 he was voted the most influential British artist of the 20th century.

Some of his works


A Bigger splash, 1967, Hockney
domestic scene, Los Angeles 1963, Hockney

Merced river, Yosemite Valley, Sept. 1982, Hockney

 

 

Quarter 4: Lesson 1

Global context: Orientation in Time and Space

Key Concept: Change

Related Concept: Composition, Visual Culture

Statement Of Inquiry: Changing the boundaries of expected relationships can inspire unexpected composition.

We are back to our first class of our final quarter, and in this lesson we were given cut outs of an image, and from there we created our own image. And we wrote what we think was a photo montage, and then we saw what our real image was.

In my opinion, a montage is constructed from different types of photographic images. That you can create one image with a variety of others. You can use one image, that can mean something completely different in the whole montage. Various smaller pictures join together to form one large one.

END UNIT REFLECTION

This whole unit we focused on one topic; Photography. Or the Photo Essay. This is unit our global context was Fairness and Development. Our task was to create a photo essay with the minimum of 5 photographs. This photo essay should show the Global Context through the pictures and description. Mine was about being different, that it’s okay to be different.

Through this unit I learnt different things such as techniques and terminology of Photography. I also learnt that some stories, even some of the best ones are not written or read, they sometimes can be seen.

I think this unit went great as I like photography. But I could have worked on my time management. I did not feel like my photo essay was the best I could do and I hope next quarter I can do better.

In conclusion, I think this unit went better than I expected it to be. I frankly liked the unit and had a lot of fun with it. As is, many things went wrong this unit, but I think more things went right.